Weather in Egypt

Expats living in Egypt should plan to leave the long-johns and winter jackets at home. The country is situated nearly entirely in the Sahara Desert, and it follows that weather in Egypt mirrors the hot, dry climate of this rugged, sandy region.

With the exception of the narrow strip of coastline that borders the Mediterranean, Egypt is hot and dry with little variation throughout the year.

The blistering heat of summer, from June to August, is slightly more tolerable in the coastal region; the average maximum temperature in this area is 30°C (86°F). Expats living in central Egypt, however, will experience hotter temperatures and will have to find a way to keep cool until winter, when the temperatures fall back down to 20°C to 26°C (68°F to 79°F).

Expats should note that, typical of a desert climate, nighttime temperatures in Egypt can drop considerably despite the intensity of the day. This is especially true of mountainous areas and expats should be sure to have some light but warm layers to hand.

One unique component of weather in Egypt is the khamasīn. This hot spring wind begins to sweep across northern Africa in April and peaks over the period of March to May. Sand and dust are picked up by the high velocity of the wind speed and tend to irritate eyes and obscure visibility. These winds are largely responsible for the drastic increase in temperature seen in cities like Alexandria and Cairo during this time of year. The khamasīn can cause temperatures to soar as high as 45°C (113°F), and this can make conditions especially dangerous.

The weather in Egypt can be hard to adjust to and expats should take measures to stay hydrated. It is important to drink only bottled water, though, as tap water in Egypt is not suitable for drinking. Sunscreen and light, breathable clothing are also recommended, and if possible it's best to stay indoors during the hottest hours of the day.

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