Banking, Money and Taxes in Brazil
Brazil’s banking sector is efficient and well-developed. Expats will find that managing banking, money and taxes when moving to Brazil is not necessarily excessively complicated but, like many countries, will require a fair amount of documentation and bureaucracy.
Currency in Brazil
The Brazilian currency is the real (BRL), which is divided into 100 centavos.
Notes: 2 BRL, 5 BRL, 10 BRL, 20 BRL, 50 BRL and 100 BRL
Coins: 5 centavos, 10 centavos, 25 centavos, 50 centavos and 1 BRL
Banking in Brazil
The Brazilian banking sector is well-developed and expats have a variety of options and services available when it comes to managing their finances. Banking in Brazil can be costly as banks charge users a percentage for every transaction. Expats are advised to shop around to find out which bank will offer them a deal that best suits their needs.
Online banking is very popular in Brazil and it is possible to pay certain utility bills and state taxes online. However, expats should note that many online services are only available in Portuguese. Banking hours in Brazil are generally from Monday to Friday, 10am to 4.30pm.
Opening a bank account in Brazil
A residence visa is required in order to open a bank account in Brazil. Other documents required for opening a Brazilian bank account usually include a valid identity document, a taxpayer’s number (Cadastro de Pessoas Físicas, or CPF) and proof of residence. The documents an applicant will need may differ depending on the bank and type of account in question.
ATMs and credit cards in Brazil
ATMs are widely available in Brazil, although many don’t accept foreign cards. Customers are also able to make bill payments at ATMs.
For safety reasons, many ATMs do not operate between 10pm and 7am. Those that do operate 24/7 often have lower withdrawal limits after 10pm.
Some parts of Brazil are largely cash-based economies, so it’s wise to always ensure that one has sufficient cash on hand. However, debit and credit cards are widely accepted in the larger metropolitan areas, with Visa and MasterCard being the two most widely accepted cards.
Taxes in Brazil
Brazil has a pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) tax system whereby income tax on income received, whether abroad or locally, is generally paid monthly. Residents who pay income tax in Brazil are also required to file an annual income tax return every April.
The rate at which expats pay tax in Brazil depends on which visa they hold. For tax purposes, a person is deemed a resident of Brazil if they hold a permanent visa, a temporary visa, or if they stay in Brazil for more than 183 days within a 12-month period.
Residents are required to pay tax on their income worldwide, although Brazil does have treaties in place with a number of countries to avoid double taxation.
Employees are also generally required to contribute a percentage of their income to social security, depending on their salary bracket.
Given the complexity of expat taxation, it may be best for new arrivals to consult with a tax professional who is familiar with the tax system in Brazil.