Essential Info for Brazil
Population: About 207 million
Capital city: Brasília
Neighbouring countries: Brazil is bordered by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana to the north; Colombia to the northwest; Bolivia and Peru to the west; Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest; and Uruguay to the south.
Geography: Brazil occupies about half of South America with a long coastal region to the east. It has a vast and complex network of rivers, including the famous Amazon river. About two-thirds of the massive Amazon rainforest is within Brazil's borders and the rest of the country has a diverse landscape ranging from plateaus and plains to mountains, hills and highlands.
Political system: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Major religions: Roman Catholicism with a Protestant minority
Main language: Portuguese
Money: The Real (BRL) is divided into 100 centavos. Expats will need a residence visa to open a bank account and ATMs are widely available, although some only operate during certain hours for safety reasons.
Tipping: Standard 10 percent
Time: Brazil has a number of time zones: GMT -2, GMT -3, GMT -4 and GMT -5. Some parts of the country observe daylight savings time from October to March.
Electricity: 110V/220V, 60Hz. Plugs with two or three round pins are generally used.
Internet domain: .br
International dialling code: +55
Emergency contacts: 190 (police), 192 (ambulance), 193 (fire)
Transport and driving: Motorists drive on the right-hand side of the road. The types and extent of public transport services available vary widely from city to city.