Essential Info for Nicaragua
Population: Over 6 million
Capital city: Managua
Neighbouring countries: Nicaragua shares borders with Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south, The Carribean lies to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Geography: Nicaragua is home to a variety of climates and terrains. The country's physical geography can be divided into three zones – the Pacific lowlands, the wetter, cooler central highlands and the Carribean lowlands.
Major religions: Roman Catholicism
Political system: Unitary presidential constitutional republic in which the President is both the head of state and the head of government under a multi-party system. Executive power is held by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The judiciary is independent.
Main languages: Spanish is the official language of Nicaragua but English is widely spoken.
Money: Nicaraguan Córdoba (NIO) which is divided into 100 centavos. Most major stores and restaurants will accept credit cards. ATMs are readily available in most towns and cities.
Tipping: 10 percent of the bill is the customary tip in restaurants, but is not obligatory.
Time: GMT -6
Electricity: 120 volts, 60 Hz.
Internet domain: .ni
International dialling code: +505
Emergency numbers: 118
Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road in Nicaragua. Nicaragua has a fairly extensive bus network which can be used to travel between all the major cities.