Culture Shock in Cambodia
Expats moving to Cambodia may experience elements of culture shock, especially any that stray further than the capital, Phnom Penh. The country, steeped in history, has experienced many hardships, which are still evident today. Expats may be shocked by the level of poverty and corruption Cambodia still faces.
Cultural differences in Cambodia
The greeting in Cambodia – the sampeah – is similar to the Thai wai. The greeting is done with a bow while pressing one’s hands together in prayer. It is used as a sign of respect and politeness, and has largely replaced the handshake.
During a meal, expats should only eat after anyone senior has eaten. Expats should also be aware that it is not acceptable to make eye contact with anyone who is older or considered to be of a higher social status.
Poverty in Cambodia
The country is no stranger to struggle, however expats may be shocked by the level of poverty that still exists. Poor sanitation means that the country suffers from a high infant mortality rate.
Outside of the capital, roughly 80% of the population are subsistence farmers, living in houses made from bamboo and palm trees. In the cities the poor live similarly to those in the countryside, which is juxtaposed against the rich middle classes that live in the urban areas.
Bureaucracy in Cambodia
The political system in Cambodia is officially a multiparty democracy, however in reality it is a one-party state. The government has been frequently criticised for ignoring human rights and suppressing political dissent.
Cambodia suffers from corruption, often ranked as one of the most corrupt countries in the world. Expats may encounter corrupt practices in ordinary activities like obtaining medical services, dealing with alleged traffic violations, and pursuing fair court verdicts.
Expats should also be aware that companies have to deal with extensive red tape when obtaining licenses and permits, especially construction-related permits, and that the demand for bribes is commonplace in this process.
Women in Cambodia
In terms of gender roles, Cambodia is still very traditional, with women considered below men in Cambodian society. Expat women should dress modestly, covering their shoulders and knees. In the capital, people are more open-minded and Cambodian women do hold jobs outside of the house.