Essential Info for South Korea
Population: Over 51 million
Capital city: Seoul (also largest city)
Neighbouring countries: North Korea, Japan and China
Geography: South Korea is very mountainous, and home to a number of reserves, parks and islands. The geography of the country includes lowlands, basins, valleys and coastal plains.
Political system: Presidential constitutional republic
Major religions: Christianity, Buddhism, but largely secular
Main languages: Korean (official). English is not widely spoken.
Money: The South Korean Won (KRW), divided into 100 jeon. The banking system in South Korea is modern and efficient and ATMs can be found almost anywhere.
Tipping: It is not usual to tip in South Korea. Top restaurants and luxury hotels sometimes add a service charge of 10 percent to the bill. Expect to tip taxi drivers if they assist with baggage.
Time: GMT +9
Electricity: 220 volts, 60Hz. 'Type C' and 'type F' rounded, two-pin plugs are used. Adapters are widely available at the airport and city convenience stores.
Internet domain: .kr
International dialling code: +82. City or area codes are used, for example (0)2 for Seoul.
Emergency contacts: 112 (police), 1345 (foreigner information service), 119 (fire and ambulance)
Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right. South Korea has a reliable and efficient transport system, with buses and taxis in all cities, and metro stations in the main cities.