Accommodation in Canada
Expats moving to Canada might find the process of securing suitable, reasonably priced accommodation to be long and expensive. There is a general shortage of accommodation in most Canadian metropolises, so new arrivals who don't know much about the Canadian property market will benefit from using a real estate agent.
Regardless of whether one decides to rent or buy property in Canada, the fact is that accommodation is likely to account for the biggest chunk of an expat's cost of living. Therefore, it is best to ensure one has access to the correct information and advice when choosing a home in Canada.
Types of property in Canada
Expats moving to Canada will find a range of property types available. The options available will vary slightly from one city to the next. This will also depend on whereabouts in a city one chooses to live. However, expats should be able to choose one of the following options depending on where they are based and their budget, as well as personal preferences:
- Detached/semi-detached houses
Finding property in Canada
Expats are strongly advised to begin their search for a rental property in Canada long before actually arriving in the country. It's best to research the city one intends on moving to and try to pinpoint neighbourhoods which offer the best range of housing options for the best prices, and within close proximity to public transportation. Trawling through online rental classifieds and real estate websites will give prospective residents an idea of what is available, and how much they should reasonably expect to budget for accommodation costs.
Once in Canada, print and online news publications are good places to continue the property search – check the “For Rent” or “Rental Properties” sections of the classifieds. Moreover, in most cities there are free publications dealing exclusively with rental advice and listings. It is a very good idea to go and view a few properties, to test the market out and to calibrate one's expectations accordingly. Note that it's highly recommended to be on time and to dress well when going to view a property – treat it like a job interview, as the landlord's initial impression of a potential tenant will go a long way towards determining the success or failure of each lease application.
If expats find no joy in looking for accommodation on their own steam, real estate agents are another good resource. Since more than two-thirds of Canadians report owning their houses, and since many landlords don't want to bother with the hassle of finding their own tenants, often estate agents will have mandate over the best of the rental properties in a given city. Note that, as helpful as agents can be in helping find a place to stay, they will expect a fee for this service – which can range from anywhere between 10 percent of the monthly rent to a whole month's rent.
Renting property in Canada
Lease agreements are very important in Canada and are usually followed to the letter. Be sure to read the contract carefully, as once it's been signed, its conditions will be legally binding. The agreement will cover the following considerations: duration of the lease (usually 12 months), additional financial responsibilities of the tenant (usually, water will be included in the rental charge, but tenants will have to pay for gas and electricity usage), deposit (usually two months' rent, refundable in principle), and forfeiture conditions (which explains how any breach of the contract leaves the tenant liable for eviction from the property).
Canada is a modern, highly industrialised and economically stable country, and the standard of accommodation is generally very high. Living quarters in Canada are generally more commodious than in Europe and will certainly have some kind of heating system in place to ward off the worst of winter's chill. Home security isn't an issue in Canada – it is a famously safe society, and as long as expats exercise common sense, they are unlikely to have a problem.