Population: About 8.5 million
Capital city: Vienna (also largest city)
Other major cities: Graz, Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck
Neighbouring countries: Austria is a landlocked country which shares borders with Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west; Germany, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the north; Hungary to the east and Slovenia and Italy to the south.
Geography: Austria is a predominantly mountainous country with the Alps running across the country. The River Danube, with its source in Germany, flows through Austria.
Political system: Federal parliamentary republic
Major religions: Catholicism
Main languages: German is the official language of Austria but English is spoken in the major cities.
Money: The Euro (EUR) is divided into 100 cents. Banking systems are sophisticated, ATMs are readily available and credit cards are accepted in most places.
Tipping: A service charge of 5 to 10 percent is expected at restaurants. Taxi drivers should be tipped as well.
Time: GMT+1 (GMT+2 from the last week of March to the last week of October)
Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Round European 2-prong plugs as well as Schuko plugs with side grounding contacts are used.
Internet domain: .at
International dialling code: +43
Emergency contacts: 112, the universal emergency number in Europe, is used in Austria. Emergency services in Austria are excellent and respond quickly. Most medical staff speak English.
Transport and driving: Like most of Europe, Austrians drive on the right-hand side of the road. The standard of road infrastructure in Austria is excellent but new arrivals may need to adjust to driving in winter when snow can make mountain passes difficult to navigate. Public transport throughout Austria is also very good, so those without a car shouldn't struggle.