Buying a Car in Norway
Norway has good public transport and low-cost flights between cities. One will find that within cities, the cost of owning a car might be more trouble than it’s worth, especially as it's so easy to fly between cities in Norway. Nevertheless, owning a car in Norway can be useful, especially if looking to make trips to the surrounding countryside and the fjords.
If choosing to buy a car in Norway, prepare for a big shock. Cars are expensive, but more so are the taxes put on vehicles. One may have to pay 100 percent of the cost of the car on additional taxes and other costs. Cars are taxed according to the weight of the car and the size of the engine – the larger and more powerful the car, the higher the fees.
Note that one needs to have a Norwegian identity number to register a car in Norway.
Getting a Norwegian driver’s licence
If one is from an EEA country, one can convert one's driver’s licence to a Norwegian one. The process can be arduous but will mean one won’t need to take Norwegian driving tests.
If one is from outside the EEA, one can legally drive in Norway for up to three months before applying for a Norwegian driver’s licence. One's foreign licence will only be recognised for a year. It’s a good idea to start this process early, because if one applies within that year, one will only need to take the driver’s test and not the full package including the theory tests and driving lessons – which can become very expensive. The waiting list for a driver’s test can be up to a few months’ long.
Choosing a car in Norway
One can find adverts for used cars in online classifieds or in the classified sections of local newspapers. There are also several new car dealerships in the cities.
There is increasing pressure to outlaw diesel cars in some parts of the cities in a bid to lower emissions, so be aware of this when trying to decide between vehicles.
Registering a car in Norway
Once purchased, a car will need to be registered with the Norwegian Public Roads Administration.
Necessary paperwork includes:
proof of sale (such as a receipt)
valid identification (incl. a Norwegian identity number)
a notification of sale/change of ownership form
AMV tax and registration fees
proof of roadworthiness, if necessary
a declaration from an insurance company that liability insurance is in place
Importing a car in Norway
If choosing to bring one's car to Norway or to import one, one have to register it with Norwegian plates. To register, one will have to pay both VAT and an import fee. Imported (used) cars will need to be cleared by customs, then taken to a roadworthy testing centre in Norway for approval. There is a one-off motor vehicle tax payable to the Norwegian Customs Service. One can then go to the Norwegian Public Roads Administration with the customs documentation, roadworthy check, AMV tax and registration fees, and valid identification to complete the registration process.
Car insurance in Norway
By law, all car owners in Norway must take out liability insurance to cover all possible damages to other people and property in an accident. One can take out additional policies that cover damage.
Renting a car in Norway
Some expats prefer to negotiate for long-term leases with their employers rather than buying a car. Because of the high costs of buying a car in Norway, many established companies are prepared to rent cars to their new expat employees.
Cost of owning a car in Norway
Owning and maintaining a car in Norway is surprisingly expensive. Petrol is expensive, as is all maintenance. Cars must be inspected each year. Also, remember that Norwegian winters involve snow, ice, salty roads and below freezing temperatures. One must have the right oil and proper tyres in the winter. The date to put on winter tyres is set (usually early November to late April), and one will be penalised if one misses the date and is caught.