Essential Info for Spain
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Population: About 46 million
Capital city: Madrid
Other major cities: Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza
Neighbouring countries: Spain shares borders with Portugal to the west and France to the north. To the south, across the Strait of Gibraltar is Morocco, while Algeria is to the southeast.
Geography: Spain's terrain is varied, ranging from sandy beaches to flat desert-like areas and high mountain ranges. Most of the country's borders are occupied by sea, with the Pyrenees Mountains forming a natural frontier with the rest of Europe. It also occupies a number of islands in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean.
Political system: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Major religions: Catholicism. Spain is a secular state that guarantees freedom of religion.
Main languages: Spanish. There are several regional co-official languages such as Catalan and Basque. English is widely spoken and understood.
Money: The Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents, is the official currency. ATMs are widely available and usually accept foreign cards. A Spanish tax identification number is needed to open a local bank account.
Tipping: Most locals do not tip more than small change. Ten percent is considered generous and would be appreciated, but is not necessary.
Time: GMT +1 (GMT+2 from the end of March to the end of October)
Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Standard European two-pin plugs used.
Internet domain: .es
International dialling code: +34.
Emergency numbers: 112 (the European emergency number), 061 (health emergencies), 091 (police)
Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right. Roads are usually in good condition. Drivers are required to flash their lights before overtaking another vehicle.