Essential Info for Oman

Official name: Sultanate of Oman

Population: About 4.5 million

Capital city: Muscat (also largest city)

Other major cities: Salalah, Muttrah, Seeb

Political system: Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy

Neighbouring countries: Oman is situated at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, and is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. It also shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan.

Georgraphy: Oman sits at the confluence of the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. Much of the country is covered by sandy desert, which makes up over 80 percent of the landmass. In the north, a narrow and fertile coastal plain fronts the Gulf of Oman and from there the land rises into the rugged Hajar Mountains. 

Major religions: Oman is an Islamic country, although expats are able to practice their own religion.

Main languages: Arabic is the official language, but English is also widely spoken in business.

Money: The Omani Rial (OMR) is the offical currency. It is divided into 1,000 baiza. Oman has an established banking system with both local and international banks offering services for expats. It is easy and straighforward for expats to open a bank account.

Tipping: In restaurants, 10 to 15 percent where a service charge has not been added, otherwise five percent. Round up taxi fare by a couple of rials.

Time: GMT +4

Electricity: 240V, 50Hz. British-style three-point bladed plugs ('type G' plugs) and round two-pin plugs are used.

International dialling code: +968

Emergency numbers: 999 

Internet domain: .om

Transport and driving: Oman doesn't have an extensive public transport system and most expats choose to own their own vehicle. Cars drive on the right side of the road.