Essential Info for Nigeria

Nigeria flagOfficial name: Federal Republic of Nigeria

Population: Over 173 million

Capital city: Abuja

Largest city: Lagos

Neighbouring countries: Situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa, Nigeria is bordered by Benin, Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

Geography: Nigeria has a varied landscape from coastal plains to mangrove swamps and tropical rain forests. It is home to the Niger Delta, one of the world's largest river deltas, and is very rich in natural resources, most notably large deposits of petroleum and natural gas.

Political system: Federal presidential republic

Main languages: English is the official language. Other languages include Igbo, Yoruba, Fulfulde and Kanuri.

Major religions: Christianity, Islam, and numerous traditional/tribal religions

Time: GMT +1

Electricity: 230V, 50 Hz. Round and square three-pin plugs are used.

Currency: The Nigerian Naira (NGN), divided into 100 kobo. ATMs are available in Nigerian towns and cities, but not all will accept foreign cards. Credit card fraud is a concern in Nigeria and expats should keep a close eye on their bank and credit card statements.

Tipping: A standard 10 percent in restaurants and taxis.

International dialling code: +234

Emergency number: Expats can dial 199 for all emergencies

Internet domain: .ng

Driving and transport: Vehicles drive on the right side of the road. Road safety and traffic are major concerns in Nigeria and most expats have a car and driver provided for them by their company rather than driving themselves.

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