Essential Info for Portugal

Population: About 10.5 million

Capital city: Lisbon (also largest city)

Neighbouring countries: Spain

Geography: Portugal is located on the western coast of Iberian Peninsula and plateau that divides the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. It is located on the Atlantic coast of the plateau and crossed by several rivers which have their origin in Spain. The main rivers are the Minho, Douro, Mondego, Tagus and Guadiana.

Political system: The politics in Portugal takes place in a framework of the semi-presidential representative democratic republic whereby the Prime Minister of Portugal is the head of government. Portugal has a multi-party system with the President as the head of state with several significant political powers. Executive power is held by the President and Council of Ministers while Legislative power is vested in the government and Assembly of the Republic. 

Major religions: Catholicism

Main languages: Portuguese (official), English, French

Money: The Euro (EUR), divided into 100 cents. The country has a well-developed banking system and many international banks have a presence in the main Portuguese cities.

Tipping: A standard 10-15 percent tip can be added to the bill if the service is good. 

Time: GMT (GMT +1 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October)

Electricity: 220 volts, 50 Hz. Round, two-pin plugs are most common.

International dialling code: +351

Internet domain: .pt

Emergency numbers: In the event of any emergency expats can dial 112, the general European emergency number. The standard of emergency services in Portugal are generally good. In most tourist areas staff speak good English. 

Drives on the: Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road in Portugal. Public transport in the Potugese capital city of Lisbon and other major urban hubs is of a good standard but national transport systems are not in line with standards that expats would be accustomed to in the rest of Europe. It is worth considering buying a car if expats wish to explore the country. 

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