Moving to Doha
Qatar makes up in diversity what it may lack in size and expats moving to Doha, the peninsula's capital city, will find an emerging metropolis filled with people from every corner of the world, as well as the food, language and clothing they bring with them.
The multi-ethnic makeup of the city's 1.5 million residents is reflected in both the social and professional spheres, and more than anything else, expats should be prepared to make allowances for the different ways in which people do things.
One of the first thing expats notice in Doha may be the towering cranes rising in the background of most neighbourhoods, a clear sign of the city's race towards expansion and growth.
In that vein, the ratio of Qataris to internationals is incredibly skewed, with expats commanding an overwhelming majority. This often means that, while it is relatively easy to make friends at work or in the compound, the local community often stays away from the revolving door that's come to be identified with the transient foreign population. However, those who stay longer than the three-year average will find that the Qatari nationals are hospitable and companionable, and more open to cultivating friendships.
Expats living in Doha generally reside in housing provided by their employers, either in high-rise apartment buildings in the West Bay area or in family-sized villas in walled neighbourhoods called compounds.
The standard of living among both local and expat professionals is high, but that also means that the cost of living in Doha is fairly high. New arrivals should be sure to negotiate an adequate salary package to cover all components of life in the emirate.
Most major brand name clothing retailers, motor retailers, and other retailers from Western malls are represented in Qatar, along with a plethora of locally made luxury goods.
From tennis to the cinema, the recreation and entertainment options available in most other metropolitan cities are present, though some expats may feel slightly limited by the number of outlets offering specific services.
Men and women of all nationalities drive in Qatar, although the aggressive nature of so many SUV drivers can often be unsettling for newcomers. The wide use of roundabouts, or circular traffic pattern, without lights or other regulatory features can also be intimidating to those who may not have had such experiences. The best way to gather a sense of confidence and to start out driving in Doha is on a Friday morning, the day of prayer, when the roads are empty.
Expats should also note that people tend to give directions via landmarks and not street signs although, as the country continues to expand, this may change.
One of the largest challenges expats living in Doha will face is adapting to the extreme heat. Temperatures are high, rising above 104°F (40°C) between the summer months of June and August, and it is no coincidence that most annual vacations are between 30 to 45 days long and scheduled for this time period. A key to summer survival is to plan getaways whenever possible.
Expatriates should note, however, that air conditioning is available in most offices, restaurants, and other facilities, and expats will quickly realise that it's often necessary to bring a shawl or coat along, even amid the sweltering weather.
That said, from October to May the climate is moderate, and is perfect for dining al fresco or playing several rounds of golf. In the winter, people are often surprised by the low temperatures, and the lack of central heating. This absence means that space heaters are in high demand.