Essential info for Qatar
Population: About 2.04 million
Major religion: Islam
Capital city: Doha (also largest city)
Other major cities: Al Rayyan, Al Jamaliyah, Al Khor, Al Wakrah
Neighbouring countries: Situated on the northeastern coast of the Arab peninsula, the much smaller peninsula occupied by Qatar is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the West, with the island state of Bahrain slightly to the northwest. Across the Persian Gulf to the northeast is Iran, while the United Arab Emirates is situated to the southeast.
Political system: Constitutional monarchy
Main languages: Arabic (official), English
Time: GMT +3
Electricity: 240/415 volts AC; 50 Hz. Rectangular-blade plugs (three flat pins in a triangle) and round-pin plugs (three round pins in a triangular pattern) are used most often.
Internet domain: .qa
Currency: The Qatari Riyal (QAR), divided into 100 dirhams.
International dialling code: +974
Money: The Qatari Riyal (QAR), which is divided into 100 dirhams. Expats are able to open a bank account in Qatar, but will need their employer to provide a "no objection" letter for their application. ATMs are widely available.
Tipping: A 10 percent service charge is often added to hotel and restaurant bills, and remains the expected amount when service hasn't been charged for. Taxi drivers also expect a small gratuity, and rounding up the due amount is often enough.
Emergency numbers: The general emergency number for police ambulances and fire services in Qatar is 999. Operators will often speak English.
Transport and driving: Traffic in Qatar drives on the right. Expats should be cautious and employ defensive driving tactics since the country is known for having accident rates. Taxis are widely available in certain areas although buses are scarce and the rail network, which resumed construction in 2013, is only due for completion in 2030.
Education: The vast majority of expat parents send their children to private international schools, a large portion of which are of world class standard.