Essential Info for Egypt
- Purchase the complete Expat Arrivals Egypt Guide (PDF)
Population: About 99 million
Capital city: Cairo (also largest city)
Neighbouring countries: Egypt spans two continents. Most of Egypt is in Africa, but the landbridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula extends into Asia. Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west
Geography: Egypt's landscape is mostly desert with a few oases. It is also home to the famous Nile River, one of the world's longest rivers.
Political system: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Major religions: Islam with a Christian minority
Main languages: Arabic
Money: The Egyptian Pound (EGP) is divided into 100 piastres. ATMs are common in Egypt's larger cities but may be harder to find in smaller towns. To open a bank account in Egypt, expats may need to present a work permit or other proof of long-term residence in the country. Requirements may vary from bank to bank.
Tipping: 10 percent in restaurants
Time: GMT +2
Electricity: 220 volts, 50Hz. Standard plugs are European two-pins
Internet domain: .eg
International dialling code: +20
Emergency contacts: 122 (police), 180 (fire) and 123 (ambulance)
Transport and driving: Cairo has a well-developed public transport system, including a metro, buses, trams and trains. Other cities may have fewer options, and public transport throughout Egypt tends to be crowded and uncomfortable. Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road.