Essential Info for Panama

Population: About 4 million

Capital city: Panama City

Neighbouring countries: Panama is bordered by Costa Rica in the north and Colombia in the south.

Geography: Panama forms the isthmus that connects Central America to South America. The country is home to white, sandy beaches with turquoise waters and dense jungles which lead up into the volcanic mountain ranges that run its entire length.

Political system: Unitary presidential constitutional republic

Major religion: Roman Catholic

Main language: Spanish

Time: GMT-5

Money: Panama's official currency is the Panamanian Balboa (PAB), which can be divided into 100 cents. The currency used for day-to-day interactions is the United States Dollar (USD). Expats will find that ATMs and card facilities are widely available in Panama. 

Tipping:  A tip of 10 percent is generally expected for most services where gratuity has not already been included in the bill. 

Electricity: 110 volts, 60Hz. Plugs with two flat blades are used throughout the country.

Internet domain: .pa

International dialling code: +507

Emergency numbers: 104 (police), 103 (fire and ambulance)

Transport: In Panama, expats will drive on the right-hand side of the road. Panama City has a reliable and extensive public transport network. For travel around the country, expats should consider air travel or taking their own car as inter-city bus networks are known to be unsafe.

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