Population: About 4 million

Capital city: Zagreb

Neighbouring countries: Croatia is bordered by Slovenia to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Montenegro to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.

Geography: Croatia has over 1,000 islands and islets scattered along its coastline, only a fraction of which are inhabited. The geography of the mainland is characterised by lowland plains to the north and mountainous territory towards the south.

Political system: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic

Major religions: Roman Catholicism

Main languages: Croatian

Money: Kuna (HRK), subdivided into 100 lipa. ATMs are plentiful in Croatia and it should be easy for expats to open a bank account.

Tipping: Tips are generally expected in Croatia, even if it's just a few kuna as a symbolic gesture. For small amounts rounding up is appropriate, and in restaurants a standard tip is around 10 percent.

Time: GMT +1. GMT +2 between March and October

Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Plugs with two round pins are used.

Internet domain: .hr

International dialing code: +385

Emergency number: 112 can be dialled in all emergencies

Transport and driving: Buses are the main form of public transport in Croatia, with ferries being used for transport between the mainland and islands. Trains are infrequent but can be useful for regional travel. Driving is on the right-hand side of the road.

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