Education and Schools in Ghana

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The education system in Ghana is limitedWhen it comes to education in Ghana, most expats find the national curriculum to be limited, teaching methods to be outdated and the standard of facilities to be lower than what they would be used to back at home. For these reasons, expats tend to bypass public schooling options in Ghana and send their children to an international school.

Most international schools in Ghana are in the capital, Accra. The major advantage of these schools is that they follow various foreign curricula that allow expat students to have an easier transition. The standard of teaching at international schools tends to be high and facilities are in line with those in Europe or North America. Expats considering sending their child to an international school in Accra should try to negotiate an allowance to cover the expense of school fees into their employment package.

Public schools in Ghana

The public school system is modelled on a traditional British school system, and some textbooks are directly derived from British texts used in England years ago.

Although English is the official language in Ghana, the language of instruction at the primary level in many regions is the local vernacular; whereas in Accra, most schools teach in English with only elective courses in local languages. The focus is on learning by memorisation and repetition. Although this can be effective for younger children, most expats will find the lack of focus on individual thinking and problem solving somewhat limiting.

Students begin their six-year primary education at the age of six. After primary school, students pass into a new junior secondary school system for three years of academic training combined with technical and vocational training. Senior secondary school follows for three more years.

Primary and junior secondary education are supposedly tuition-free and mandatory. However, there is no way to enforce attendance since there are not enough teachers and facilities available to accommodate all students. Also, many families cannot afford the other levies and school uniforms, and as a result, there are still many local children seen working in the streets during school hours.

Most local schools condone and support corporal punishment for minor infractions, with the instrument of choice being a yard-long wooden cane. Students are commonly given the task of cleaning school compounds, which can involve cutting the lawn with machetes and shovelling out open gutters.

International schools in Ghana


Due to the large expatriate community in Accra, private international schools that are modelled on the education systems in other countries have emerged. Among these, expats will find a French school, a Swiss School (where the predominant language of instruction is German), and a few British and American Schools. The Delhi School of Ghana is situated in Tema, a 30-minute drive from Accra.

There aren't many international schools outside of Accra, so expat parents in other regions often choose to homeschool their children.

The international schools are all quite different in terms of tuition fees, standards and diplomas offered. Expats should research well before coming to Ghana.

Most international schools are expensive, at times costing as much or more than university fees in the West. Expats should take care to negotiate tuition allowances in their contract, or to negotiate their salary accordingly.

International Schools in Ghana listing


American International School (AIS)

Gender: Co-educational
Curriculum: American

British International School (BIS)

Gender:  Co-educational
Curriculum: British

Ghana International School (GIS)
Gender: Co-educational
Curriculum: British

Liberty American School

Gender: Co-educational
Curriculum: American, Christian

Lincoln Community School (LCS)
Gender: Co-educational
Curriculum: American and International Baccalaureate

Tema International College
Gender: Co-educational
Curriculum: International Baccalaureate

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