Taxes in South Africa
The South African Revenue Service (SARS) is the equivalent of the UK's HM Revenue & Customs or America's Internal Revenue Service. Tax in South Africa is similar to the UK regime with some differences that expats should be aware of.
The South African tax year begins on 1 March, and an expat becomes seen as a temporary resident of South Africa for tax purposes once they spend 183 days in the country in one tax year. They will then be liable for tax on any income generated in South Africa.
An expat becomes a full resident for tax purposes after five years and becomes liable to pay tax on their worldwide income in addition to their income from inside the country. That is, if a person was in South Africa for:
91 days or more in aggregate during the year of assessment, and
915 days or more in total during the preceding five years of assessment, and
91 days more in aggregate in each of the preceding five years.
Even non-South African residents are taxed on their South African income. Residents are taxed on their worldwide income but there are double taxation agreements in place with the UK and other governments.
It may well pay for an expat to ensure that they do not become a tax resident in South Africa. If this is unavoidable, expats should make sure they are aware of when they become resident so that they can plan accordingly. Potential expats are strongly advised to take tax advice from an accountant before moving to South Africa.
Income tax rates in South Africa range from 18 percent to 45 percent.