Visas for South Africa
Depending on where they’re from and how long they intend to stay, most expats will need a visa for South Africa.
Citizens of visa-exempt countries like the UK, Canada, the USA and several others won’t need a visa if they’re staying for 90 days or less and are strictly here as tourists.
Holders of passports from non-exempt countries and those wanting to stay longer to study, volunteer or work in South Africa have to apply for a visa beforehand.
Many expats have been affected by recent changes to immigration regulations in South Africa. One of the most significant changes is that ‘visas’ have replaced ‘permits’ except when it comes to permanent residence permits. As a result, work permits for South Africa are now known as work visas, which allow expats to live and work in the country.
Another change introduced by the new visa laws is that only visa renewals or extensions can be done in South Africa – expats won’t be able to change from, for example, a visitor's visa to a work visa, from within the country. To change to a new visa category, an expat would need to leave the country and submit the relevant application at a South African embassy.
It is also worthwhile noting that the South African Department of Home Affairs now outsources the application submissions, recording biometrics and collections to VFS Global.
Temporary residency visas for South Africa
Expats planning to stay in South Africa for more than three months will need a temporary residence visa. This is sorted into different categories depending on what the applicant intends to do, such as moving to study, work or start their own business.
Permanent residence permits for South Africa
Expats wanting to stay for the long term often get a permanent residence visa for South Africa. The application process varies according to what they want to do in the country. The first thing to determine is which category the application falls under.
Categories for permanent residence include:
Work – applicants must first hold a temporary work visa for five years, unless applying for a critical skills work visa
Retirement – applications can be made for permanent residence on a stand-alone basis
Business – applicants will also need to be in possession of a business visa
Relatives – the applicant must be sponsored by an immediate family member or married to a South African spouse for five years
Though some permanent residence applications can be made on a stand-alone basis in theory, most immigrants get a temporary residence visa first. This is often because permanent residence applications can take a long time to be processed and granted.
Benefits of permanent residency in South Africa
One of the most obvious benefits of a permanent residence permit is the fact that it is valid for life if the holder abides by the permit’s conditions. All other permits require renewal or re-application at some point. Permanent residents can also access local banking, get a local driver’s licence and sponsor qualifying relatives.
Permanent residence applications
Permanent residence applications can be made both in South Africa and in the applicant’s home country. But expats should get advice from an immigration agent because the process might cause applicants in South Africa to overstay on their current visa.
Using a registered immigration practitioner
Applicants can apply directly to a South African mission or through a South Africa visa application centre. But certain offices might not be easily accessible and getting advice is difficult. The process is often confusing, time-consuming and frustrating – South African Home Affairs is notorious for disorganisation and shifting standards.
Applications aren’t points-based, but assessed on a case-by-case basis. This policy creates a large grey area that’s often best navigated with the knowledge that an immigration practitioner provides.
*Visa regulations are subject to change at short notice and expats should contact their respective embassy or consulate for the latest details.