Essential info for Rwanda

Population: About 13 million

Capital city: Kigali 

Neighbouring countries: Rwanda is bordered by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

Geography: Rwanda is a landlocked country in central Africa. The western part of the country is dominated by mountains, with forest and plains to the east. Lake Kivu makes up a significant part of Rwanda's western border.

Political system: Unitary presidential republic

Main languages: Kinyarwanda, French

Major religions: Catholicism, Christianity, Islam

Time: GMT+2

Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz. Plugs with two or three round pins are used.

Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF), divided into 100 centimes. ATMs and card facilities are available in major urban centres, but cash is needed for rural areas. 

International dialling code: +250

Internet domain: .rw

Transport and driving: Vehicles in Rwanda drive on the right-hand side of the road. The public transport system is largely unreliable and expats are advised to purchase their own vehicles for the duration of their stay in the country.

Emergency numbers: 112 or 999. Emergency services in Rwanda may not be of the standard expected by many expats. 

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