Essential Info for Argentina
Full name: Argentine Republic (República Argentina)
Population: Around 45 million
Capital city: Buenos Aires
Other major cities: Córdoba, Rosario, Mendoza
Neighbouring countries: Argentina is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south.
Geography: Argentina is the second largest country in South America by geographic size. It has a varied landscape ranging from its extended coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, the rain forests in the north, the flat Chaco plain, the grasslands of the Pampas and wastelands of Patagonia, to the Andes Mountains in the west. Aconcagua is the highest point in Argentina, which is also the highest point in the southern and western hemispheres.
Political system: Presidential republic
Main languages: The official language of Argentina is Spanish. English is spoken widely in large cities and tourist centres.
Major religions: The most common religion in Argentina is Roman Catholicism (more than 70 percent), but religious freedom is guaranteed by the country’s constitution and expats will be able to practice their religion in peace.
Time: GMT -3
Electricity: 220 volts, 50Hz. Old buildings use two-pin, round-pronged plugs, whereas newer buildings use three-pin, flat-pronged plugs.
International calling code: +54
Internet domain: .ar
Money: The official currency is the Argentine peso (ARS), which is divided into 100 cents. Most expats do not open bank accounts in Argentina, opting rather for offshore accounts. This is because as confidence in Argentine banks remains low and there is often excessive paperwork. There are many ATMs in and around Argentina’s larger cities.
Emergency numbers: 101 (police), 107 (ambulance), 100 (fire)
Transport and driving: Argentina has an extensive road network that spans the entire country. Most areas of Argentina are covered by a comprehensive public transport system, particularly in and around the country’s large cities. Vehicles in Argentina drive on the right side of the road.
Education: Argentina provides free public education for all of its residents, including expats, though this is almost exclusively provided in Spanish. There are numerous private and international schools in Argentina, most notably in Buenos Aires.