Working in Japan
Despite economic woes following the 2012 earthquake and subsequent Fukushima nuclear disaster, Japan still maintains one of the world's largest economies. Expats looking to work in Japan can still find enviable positions with many of the multinational corporations present in the country, particularly in the bustling capital of Tokyo, or within an industry that has remained extremely popular among young Westerners for years: teaching English.
The entertainment, hospitality and manufacturing sectors also continue to offer work for expats, with fluency in Japanese not required. Translation work for those that do have knowledge of Japanese is another popular expat profession, especially for trailing spouses and partners who have followed their loved ones abroad.
Expats planning on working in Japan should note that it claims one of the highest costs of living worldwide, so it's advisable to carefully negotiate an adequate salary package.
In recent years, Japan's economic landscape has been remodelled by deregulation, the rise of the Internet and an increasing number of foreign companies establishing headquarters or bases in the country. Despite this apparent integration, the traditional Japanese business etiquette remains largely intact, and still poses one of the greatest acclimatisation challenges for expats working in Japan.
Corporate culture in Japan is quite formal, with very long office hours and lifetime employment the norm. After-hours drinking with the boss is very much an established practice. Furthermore, the concepts of genki, gambatte and group - the three vertices of the positive energy, can-do attitude - are often exhausting and frustrating to foreign nationals.
Although newly-arrived expats aren't expected to adhere to the regularly practised 60-hour work week, or to the mandatory post-work socialising hours, acting differently from co-workers and being held to separate expectations can increase feelings of isolation.
It's necessary to have an appropriate working visa to work in Japan.