Banking, Money and Taxes in Iran
The banking infrastructure in Iran is still developing. The number of private banks in the country is increasing, which provides customers with a greater number of choices. Banking, especially when using foreign bank accounts, has been made more difficult for expats as a result of international sanctions against Iran.
The currency in Iran is the Iranian Rial (IRR), which is divided into the following denominations:
Coins: 50 IRR, 100 IRR,250 IRR, 500 IRR, 1,000 IRR
Notes: 1,000 IRR, 2,000 IRR, 5,000 IRR, 10,000 IRR, 20,000 IRR, 50,000 IRR, 100,000 IRR
Expats will find that locals often refer to Tomans when talking about currency. A Toman is the equivalent of 10 Rials. Despite this usage, prices are usually always written in Rials. For example, the sign next to an item in a shop would state the price in Rials, e.g. 100,000 IRR, but a shop assistant might say that the item costs 10,000 Tomans. This may be confusing at first, but expats will soon get used to the terminology.
The Iranian banking system consists of a central bank, the Bank Markazi, which issues currency and oversees all the other state and private banks. Several commercial banks have branches located throughout Iran.
Some expats won't be able to access international banking services, so opening a local account may be the only option for those planning on staying in Iran for anything more than a few months.
Interest rates at banks in Iran as well as banking services offered vary greatly, so it’s best to compare institutions when choosing where to bank. Factors to consider include fees, the availability of online banking and the number of branches and ATMs available in the country.
Credit cards and ATMs
As a result of economic sanctions, it is very difficult to use foreign credit and debit cards in Iran. Those visiting Iran for a short business trip should bring enough cash to exchange for local currency. Bureau de change outlets can be found at the Tehran airport, most banks and hotels.
For those with a local bank account, ATMs are generally quite easy to find but can be limited outside the main urban centres.
The tax system in Iran is complex and continually being updated and changed. For this reason, most foreigners working in Iran hire a tax expert to ensure that they pay their taxes correctly. An expat’s employer may also be able to help them establish their tax liabilities.
It is important that expats determine their tax liability, as the Iran government often taxes foreigners on rates based on their country of origin and business seniority. These assumed rates might overestimate an expat's salary, resulting in exorbitant tax rates.