Transport and Driving in Puerto Rico
Transportation in Puerto Rico is made up of roads, highways, freeways, airports, ports and harbours, and railway systems, serving the population of approximately 4 million inhabitants.
Puerto Rico has three international and about 30 domestic airports. The main airport is Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport, which connects to the United States, Latin America, and The Caribbean among other places.
Public transport in Puerto Rico
Public transport in Puerto Rico, outside of the main cities, is lacking. During rush hour, larger cities in Puerto Rico experience heavy traffic.
Only San Juan has a metro, known as the Tren Urbano. It is the first of its kind in the Caribbean.
The bus is cheap, however the schedule is unreliable and buses run are known to run every hour. Plans to expand to further towns are in the pipeline.
Públicos are public minibuses which are the cheapest form of public transport, yet offer little in the way of comfort. They tend to leave when the Público is full, therefore there is no set schedule. The destination is written on the front of the van.
Passenger ferries operate with limited capacity from the main island to Vieques or Culebra, and therefore tickets should be booked in advance.
Taxis are available in larger cities. White tourist taxis with turístico logos congregate around the cruise ports of San Juan and have fixed rates between $10 and $20 for one-way trips to that area's sites. Non-tourist taxi drivers generally don't use meters, so it is best to establish a rate prior to the journey.
Driving in Puerto Rico
Expats moving to San Juan will find that a car is not a necessity. Driving can be dangerous, as Puerto Ricans are known to ignore traffic laws. If expats are interested in exploring the island and taking weekend trips, a car can come in handy.
In Puerto Rico, traffic drives on the right, and road signs are often in Spanish. During the first 120 days since arrival, a non-resident may operate motor vehicles in Puerto Rico if that person possesses a valid, unexpired license issued by any state of the U.S.A. or by any foreign country that imposes requirements similar to Puerto Ricans to grant a driver's license. For longer stays, any person may obtain a Puerto Rico driver's license simply by requesting one and paying the corresponding fees.
Walking in Puerto Rico
Walking around Puerto Rico is a great way to see the island and take in the sights. Walking alone at night is not recommended.