Working in Romania
Expats planning to work in Romania may find the job market difficult to enter. Competition for jobs is high and salaries in Romania are relatively low.
Foreigners wishing to work in Romania need to have a relevant work permit, and although EU nationals are exempt from this, they will still need to apply for a residence permit. Work permits are related to a specific job and the employer will usually take care of all the details for the application. In order to employ a foreigner, the hiring company needs to demonstrate that there are no EU/EEC candidates able to fill the role.
Job market in Romania
Romania has a wealth of relatively untapped economic potential. Large areas of the country are undeveloped or dedicated to agriculture. Paired with its natural beauty, a wide selection of cultural attractions underscores a tourism industry that is open for development and investment.
Other areas in which expats intent on working in Romania may find opportunities include the resources and energy sectors, the industrial sector and the manufacturing industry. The country also has a formidable services sector with potential for growth and a demand for qualified expats with the necessary experience in finance, business services and retail. There has been growth in the area of human resources too, and many HR agencies look to hire expats in executive positions at some of the larger companies and multinationals.
Some of the larger companies in Romania include Mobexpert, Bitdefender, Romstal, Dacia, Petrom and Rompetrol. The country’s largest trading partner is Germany and key exports from Romania include cars, vehicle parts, insulated wire, refined petroleum and rubber tyres.
Expats looking to work outside a corporate environment should consider working in the NGO sector or teaching in Romania. Regardless of industry, however, most expatriates in the country work in Bucharest, the capital.
IT certifications are highly prized in the Romanian business world. Fluency in English, Italian, French or German are also valuable, and expats who can speak more than one of these languages will greatly increase their job prospects.
Finding work in Romania
Romanian companies are often quite insular and would rather hire locally than deal with the process of trying to obtain a work permit for a foreign employee. At the same time, the Romanian government is keen to attract foreign business and establish the country as a strategic base for businesses trying to invest in the Eastern European market.
The policy reforms and transformations that followed the collapse of the communist regime led to a period of sustained growth for the Romanian economy, which continued after it joined the EU in 2007. The country was, however, heavily affected by the global economic downturn, but has maintained modest levels of growth in the last few years.
Despite the economic challenges facing Europe as a whole, Romania has persevered. If expats looking to move to the country are similarly persistent and motivated, they are likely to find employment.