Domestic Help in Hong Kong
Moving to Hong Kong allows expats the luxury of accessing low-cost, full-time domestic help. Expats frequently decide to hire a domestic worker to help with household chores such as cleaning, doing the laundry, cooking for the family, taking care of the kids and running errands. In some families, domestic helpers are also required to help with activities such as gardening, cleaning the car and taking care of the pets. However, hiring a helper also comes with rules and labour laws that must be followed.
There are over 300,000 foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong, and the vast majority of them are Filipino, Indonesian or Thai.
The first thing to mention is that a full-time foreign domestic helper is officially recognised as an overseas domestic worker and not a Hong Kong permanent resident. Their work visa is totally dependent on their current employment contract which means that, when hiring a helper, the employer has to sponsor their helper’s work visa. This comes with some paperwork but as Hong Kong is quite efficient when it comes to bureaucracy, the process is neither very painful nor expensive.
Labour laws in Hong Kong
There are several regulations that expats considering hiring a domestic helper in Hong Kong should be aware of.
The Minimum Allowable Wage (MAW) for domestic helpers is set by the government
Foreign domestic helpers can only be employed on a full-time basis and are required to live at their employer’s place of residence. They must be provided with suitable accommodation with a reasonable level of privacy.
Employers are required to provide three meals a day to their helper, unless they prefer to provide a food allowance. The minimum food allowance is also set by the government.
Helpers have to be given at least one day off a week and are also entitled to all statutory holidays
Seven days of annual leave are due to the helper per year worked. Employers also have to provide their helper with a two-way ticket from Hong Kong to their country of origin on expiry or termination of the employment contract.
The employment contract must be signed for no less than two years
The employer is responsible for their helper’s health expenses. It is therefore recommended to subscribe to health insurance (several providers have special packages for domestic helpers).
Foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong
As long as they are treated well by their employers, many foreign domestic helpers are happy to be living in Hong Kong; they are decently paid in a stable work environment, and the size of the Filipino, Indonesian and Thai communities in Hong Kong usually helps with homesickness. Most helpers have their day off on Sundays and spend the day meeting with their friends, going to church or doing personal shopping. Sometimes they also take English, dance or guitar classes.
There are a few organisations in Hong Kong that provide classes specifically for domestic helpers. Employers sometimes decide to send their helper for training classes when they want them to improve their cooking, or if they want them to receive a proper training on childcare or First Aid.
The relationship between employer and helper
It is very important that employers take time to liaise with their domestic helper to ensure that the helper has a clear idea of what their duties are and when they are to be performed. Employers should encourage the helper to speak up about any problems they may encounter; this way they can be resolved quickly and efficiently.