Healthcare in Bahrain

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healthcare in bahrainAccording to a study by the World Health Organization (WHO), healthcare in Bahrain has greatly improved over the last three decades.

Expats will find a solid healthcare infrastructure with options for treatment in the public, quasi-public, philanthropic and private sectors. The island supports four state-sponsored hospitals, three private institutions and an assortment of clinics and maternity hospitals.

When compared to other destinations in the region, Bahrain has one of the largest health expenditures and is among the healthiest countries in the Gulf.

That being said, the healthcare system in Bahrain still faces challenges. The economic boom has inspired a large population influx and the state must now take steps to address the high numbers of expats and migrant workers that have come to set up home in the archipelago.

Furthermore, though many health workers are in fact foreigners or have been trained overseas, and do speak English, there still may be a language barrier to overcome if expats find themselves in an emergency circumstance.

Public healthcare in Bahrain

Bahrain has taken steps to provide nationals with free and heavily subsided healthcare. Expats are also privy to this service, and merely need to obtain a Population Registration Card (CPR) in order to take advantage. That said, services - including emergency services - are not free for expats.

Though growing rapidly, the country's relatively small population means that long queues or delayed appointment times are a rarity in Bahrain.

There are many good small public facilities in the area, although Salmaniya Hospital in Manama is by far the best equipped and has all the services expected of a top world hospital. In the case of an emergency, even if you subscribe to private healthcare, this is often the best choice for treatment.

Private healthcare in Bahrain

Though expats have access to the public system in Bahrain, most opt to take out private medical insurance and to use private facilities. Private hospitals used most often by expatriates are Awali Hospital, International Hospital of Bahrain, American Mission Hospital (AMH), the Bahrain Defence Force Hospital (BDF) or Bahrain Specialist Hospital, each provide GP services to expats

Furthermore, though the standard of care can be excellent in Bahrain, specialist treatment centres may be limited and it may be necessary to seek care outside of the country.

Health insurance in Bahrain

Expats should ensure they obtain comprehensive health insurance, including medical evacuation insurance. Expat assignees moving to Bahrain with a contract in hand should try their best to negotiate health insurance as part of their expat package. Though this is not commonplace, it is still worth the extra effort.

Legally, both international players and small-scale service providers need a local partner in order to sell health insurance in Bahrain. That said, expats are still able to purchase packages from international providers as long as they do so outside of Bahrain - prior to departure, or via online agents.

Aviva International Solutions and IMG Global offer comprehensive packages at reasonable prices.

Pharmacies and medicines in Bahrain

Pharmacies can easily be found in Bahrain, and most are open 24 hours a day. Medicines are generally quire expensive in the emirate, and it’s best to keep the receipt if planning to claim from your medical insurance company.

Most medications are readily available at pharmacies in the Kingdom. If the medicine you require is not available, the pharmacist will be able to order it in. 
The largest pharmacy chains operating in Bahrain are Alrahma Pharmacy, Wael Pharmacy and Bahrain Pharmacy. Branches of these pharmacies can easily be found in a shopping mall or close to any medical facility

Health hazards in Bahrain

Due to the extreme temperatures, heat stroke and exhaustion, sun burn and dehydration are the most common medical ailments affecting expats in Bahrain. 

Continuous construction, accompanied by sand and dust from the island, has also aggravated respiratory problems for expats.

Pre-travel restrictions and vaccinations for Bahrain

Any prescription medicines being brought into Bahrain needs to be accomapanied by a letter signed and stamped by a registered medical practicioner, stating that the medicine is for the personal use of the traveller or expat. It is also advisable to bring a copy of the original prescription. 


No special immunisations are required for the UAE. However, recommended vaccinations for Bahrain include:
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Tetanus
  • Typhoid
  • Diptheria

Emergency services in Bahrain

Ambulance services are readily available in Bahrain. Emergency medical services tend to be very well equipped and are not always quick to respond. For this reason, wherever possible, expats are advised to get themselves to the hospital when possible.

The number to call in the event of a medical emergency is 998.  

Ambulance services are not centralised in Bahrain

Health tourism in Bahrain


Bahrain is home to Dilmunia Health Island. The construction of this large-scale development built of reclaimed land began in 2007 and has cost the country USD 1.6 billon.

The island was designed to to turn Bahrain into a regional hub for health tourism. It includes a diagnostic centre, diabetes centre, alternative therapy and nutrition facility, a facility for aesthetic surgery and sports medicine institute. In addition to a health facility that focuses specifically on the health of women and children, the island is home to a large number of health spas, boutique hotels and luxury accommodation complexes. 

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