Essential Info for Spain

► Buy the Spain Expat Guide in PDF format.

The flag of the Kingdom of SpainOfficial name: Kingdom of Spain

Population: About 47 million

Capital city: Madrid (and largest city)

Other major cities: Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza

Neighbouring countries: Spain shares borders with Portugal to the east and France to the north. To the south, across the Strait of Gibraltar is Morocco, while Algeria is to the southeast.

Geography: Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula in southeastern Europe, and is the second largest country in Western Europe by geographical size. It also occupies a number of islands in the Mediterannean and the Atlantic Ocean. Spain's terrain is varied, ranging from sandy beaches to flat desert-like areas and high mountain ranges. Most of the country's borders are occupied by sea, with the Pyranees Mountains forming a natural frontier with the rest of Europe. 

Political system: Parliamentary constitutional republic

Main languages: Spanish (known as Castilian) is the official language, and there are several regional co-official languages such as Catalan. English is widely spoken and understood.

Major religions: Catholicism is by far the most dominant religion in the country. At the same time, Spain is a secular state that guarantees freedom of religion.

Money: The Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents. A Spanish tax identification number is needed to open a local bank account. ATMs are widely available and usually accept foreign cards.

Time: GMT +1 (GMT+2 from the end of March to the end of October)

Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Standard Spanish plugs are European two-pins.

Internet domain: .es

International dialling code: +34. There are city and area codes used internally, such as (0)93 for Barcelona and (0)91 for Madrid.

Emergency numbers: 112 (the European emergency number), 061 (health emergencies) or 091 (police)

Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right. Roads are usually in good condition. Drivers are required to flash their lights before overtaking another vehicle.

Search Expat Arrivals

Become our local expat expert for your area!

Become our local expat expert for your area! We are looking for contributors to help make this the ultimate guide for expats. Get in touch if you can provide useful info on your city or answer forum questions from new expats.
Find out more.

Got a question about your new country?

Login with your Facebook account (Recommended)