Essential info for Spain

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The flag of the Kingdom of SpainOfficial name: Kingdom of Spain

Population: About 47 million

Capital city: Madrid (and largest city)

Other major cities: Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza

Neighbouring countries: Spain shares borders with Portugal to the east and France to the north. To the south, across the Strait of Gibraltar is Morocco, while Algeria is to the southeast.

Political system: Parliamentary constitutional republic

Main languages: Spanish (known as Castilian) is the official language, and there are several regional co-official languages such as Catalan. English is widely spoken and understood.

Major religions: Catholicism is by far the most dominant religion in the country. At the same time, Spain is a secular state that guarantees freedom of religion.

Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from the end of March to the end of October)

Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Standard Spanish plugs are European two-pins.

Driving: Cars drive on the right. Roads are usually in good condition. Drivers are required to flash their lights before overtaking another vehicle.

Internet domain: .es

International dialling code: +34. There are city and area codes used internally, such as (0)93 for Barcelona and (0)91 for Madrid.

Money: The Euro (EUR), which is divided into 100 cents. A Spanish tax identification number is needed to open a local bank account. ATMs are widely available and usually accept foreign cards.

Emergency numbers: 112 (the European emergency number), 061 (health emergencies) or 091 (police)

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