Transport and Driving in Australia
Getting around in Australia can be quite difficult, especially when considering the vast distances people need to cover between the main cities. Expats who are keen to explore the country should familiarise themselves with the modes of transport available.
National public transport networks are limited and journeys by train and intercity bus are not always the most efficient way to travel. Domestic flights in Australia are relatively cheap and by far the fastest way to travel between cities. There are more than 300 airports nationwide. Although it isn’t necessary to own a car while living in Australia, having a vehicle does offer expats greater independence and freedom when it comes to travelling nationally, especially as the country is so dependent on road transport.
Public transport in Australia
The long-distance bus network in Australia is very extensive and provides a way to reach some of the more isolated places. However, bus travel is only a viable option for those who have a lot of time as journeys are always long.
Australia’s rail network is not as well-developed as the systems one finds in parts of Europe and Japan and there is a lack of high-speed intercity rail services in the country. Historically, there has been a lack of cooperation between state territories in Australia and this, combined with the massive distances and a relatively small population to service, has resulted in Australia’s rail network being slow and somewhat inefficient.
Expats will find that it is often faster and cheaper to fly between major cities in Australia than taking trains. However, travelling by train offers a more scenic journey. It is also a good alternative for getting to regional towns and cities that aren’t serviced regularly by flights.
Bus travel in Australia is a cheap way to get around, although some long journeys will still be cheaper by plane, so it's worth checking flight options before buying a bus ticket. As a result, most expats will opt to fly between destinations within Australia and those that don't tend to prefer trains over buses as they are more comfortable.
The distances covered by these buses are large and journeys often take over 24 hours. Cross-country buses usually have air-conditioning and on-board toilets.
Domestic flights in Australia
Due to the large distances between all the major destinations in Australia, flying is the most popular travel option in the country.
Research and booking in advance are the keys to finding the cheapest airfares. Even the larger airlines have great online deals and cheap fares can always be found on the busier routes.
Driving in Australia
Most expats living in Australia find it useful to have a car as this gives them the freedom to explore the country at their own pace. The country’s low population density and large size makes for long journeys between cities. For example, the distance between Sydney and Melbourne is approximately 560 miles (900km) and takes around ten hours.
Australia has a well-maintained system of roads and highways and signage is very clear. The highways between state capitals are excellent and driving on these roads is a pleasure. However, expats travelling to rural parts of Australia will find that they may need to drive on poorly maintained dirt roads. Some states also have toll roads.
As licensing regulations and road rules vary from state to state in Australia, expats are advised to familiarise themselves with the rules within each particular territory before relocating. In most cases, expats moving to Australia will be able to drive using a licence from their home country for the first three months before switching to a local licence.