Education and Schools in Beijing
Schools in Beijing are among the best in China, offering expat parents options at public, private and international institutions. An education in Beijing can, however, be expensive for foreign students, since they either have to pay higher public school fees than local families, or the high prices of private and international schools.
The best option for expatriates is to try and negotiate an education allowance as part of their package, although this is not a guarantee. Those who do manage to get this benefit, however, tend to have a much easier time finding and choosing a school.
Public schools in Beijing
Many expats find that the transition to the rigorous public schools in Beijing is too much for their children, and themselves, to handle. Students often have classes and even extra-curricular activities picked for them.
The primary concern for Beijing’s public schools is to prepare students for the gaokao, the Standardised Higher Education Student Admissions National United Examination, which plays a large role in how successful Chinese children become in their adult lives as it is the means through which they gain entry into a Chinese university.
Unfortunately for many expats, creativity and individual thinking come second to logical thinking and analytical skills in Chinese public schools, and it's said that those who do the best in the gaokao often have the least desire to question authority.
Chinese public schools are required to accept the children of legal foreign residents.
The school year in China runs from September to July.
Private schools in Beijing
Local private schools in Beijing generally cater for wealthy locals, even though the academic standards at public schools are often considered to be better. This might partially be because the lack of government funding and involvement means that school standards vary in quality and approach.
Some schools do provide different academic tracks for local and international students. An English track may be based on a foreign curriculum with a Chinese requirement, while the Chinese track is based on the national curriculum, although the best of these will have a strong emphasis on English.
International schools in Beijing
English-language international schools in Beijing generally enrol students from four to 18 years old and provide a wide range of sporting and cultural activities, as well as classes taught in English by qualified and experienced teachers, most of whom are from English-speaking countries.
Depending on the school, expat students will either be able to continue with their home country’s curriculum or pursue an International Baccalaureate programme.
Although most international schools teach in English, many are in other languages, including French, Japanese or German. Many international schools are located in suburban areas of Beijing such as Shunyi, which can be a long commute from the city centre. Kindergarten and lower educational centres can be found easily in the city centre.
Tuition is similar to international schools around the world and generally becomes more expensive as the student ages.
Placement at international schools is tough. Some companies that regularly relocate expats will reserve spots in top schools, and expatriate employees should discuss their education options and the admissions process with their employer well before arriving.
Homeschooling in Beijing
With Chinese parents increasingly becoming tired of the rote nature of the Chinese public education system, more have turned to homeschooling as an alternative. This might also be an option for expats staying in the short-term who are unable to afford private or international schools.
However, expats must be aware that homeschooling is essentially illegal in China, and is largely practised based on a legal oversight despite the law explicitly stating that children have to attend a school for at least nine years. The government has become increasingly vocal about its disapproval of homeschooling in recent years and has released numerous statements to this effect. Homeschooled children in China are prevented from writing the gaokao, which essentially means they are unable to attend a Chinese university.