Essential info for Singapore

Population: Over 5,5 million

Capital city: Singapore

Neighbouring countries: Malaysia, Indonesia

Geography: Singapore's terrain is mostly lowlying with a gently undulating central plateau. The city-state consists of  63 islands, including the main island of Singapore Island (Pulau Ujong in Malay). 

Political system: Parliamentary republic

Major religions: Buddhism, Christianity

Main languages: The official languages of Singapore are English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese and Tamil. English is the language of administration and is widely used in the professional and academic worlds. Singlish, a patois combination of English, Chinese and Malay syntax and idiom, is also widely spoken.

Money: The Singapore Dollar (SGD) is divided into 100 cents.

Tipping: Most hotels and restaurants include a standard 10 percent service charge. An additional gratuity is always appreciated but not necessary.

Time: GMT+8

Electricity:  230 volts, 50Hz. Three-pin, square-shaped plugs are used.

Internet domain: .sg

International dialling code: +65

Emergency contacts: 999 (police), 995 (ambulance, fire)

Transport and driving: Public transport infrastructure in Singapore is excellent and owning a car is not necessary. In fact, hiring or buying a car in Singapore can be difficult as one needs to obtain a Certificate of Entitlement, which can be costly. Furthermore, imported cars have a 41 percent customs duty imposed on them. These are all mesaures enforced to discourage people from driving in Singapore. For those that do decide to drive, cars in Singapore drive on the left.  
 

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