While the cost of living in Egypt is somewhat higher than that of its North African neighbours, it does compare favourably with nearby Middle Eastern destinations such as Oman and Qatar. 

Large cities like Cairo, favoured by expats, tend to attract a higher cost of living than smaller towns. In the Mercer Cost of Living Survey for 2021, Cairo was ranked as the 137th most expensive city out of 209 cities surveyed. 

Cost of accommodation in Egypt

Expats will find that accommodation prices vary according to area and of course, the size and quality of accommodation. Living in large cities will generally push the price of rent up, while expats living in smaller towns or rural areas will find lower prices. Apartments in the city centre are also more expensive than those in outlying suburbs.

Cost of transport in Egypt

The price of petrol in Egypt is generally cheap but can be prone to sudden spikes in cost. Public transport is attractively priced. Taxis are also affordable and the price of a trip can be negotiated with the driver, although Westerners may find it difficult to secure the same rate as locals.

Cost of food and entertainment in Egypt

Food, drink and clothing can consume as much or as little of the household expenses as an expat's lifestyle demands. Cooking at home with local ingredients, eating out locally a few times a month and avoiding budget-blowing fine dining restaurants will allow a comfortable standard of living on a reasonable budget.

Local goods are reasonably priced but imported products are costly and should be avoided if possible. Expats should explore local bazaars and markets to find inexpensive local goods.

Cost of education in Egypt

Public schools in Egypt can be attended free of charge, but many expat parents prefer to send their children to an international school. These schools tend to have high fees, so they may not be suitable for expats on a budget or those whose salary packages don't include education expenses.

Cost of living in Egypt chart 

Prices may vary depending on product and service provider. The list below shows average prices for Cairo in December 2021.


Three-bedroom apartment in city centre

EGP 5,000 – 13,000

Three-bedroom apartment outside of city centre

EGP 3,000 – 9,000

One-bedroom apartment in city centre

EGP 2,000 – 6,000

One-bedroom apartment outside of city centre

EGP 1,200 – 6,000


Eggs (dozen)

EGP 20

Milk (1 litre)

EGP 15

Rice (1kg)

EGP 12

Loaf of white bread

EGP 12

Chicken breasts (1kg)

EGP 79

Pack of cigarettes (Marlboro)

EGP 45

Eating out

Big Mac Meal

EGP 80

Coca-Cola (330ml)



EGP 32

Local beer (500ml)

EGP 30

Three-course meal for two at mid-range restaurant

EGP 400


Mobile-to-mobile call rate (per minute)

EGP 0.20

Internet (uncapped ADSL or cable average per month)

EGP 335

Basic utilities (per month for small apartment)

EGP 654


Taxi rate (per kilometre)


Bus/train fare in the city centre


Petrol/gasoline (per litre)


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