Accommodation in Moscow
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Accommodation in Moscow can be inordinately expensive, but expats will find that it is not too difficult to secure a place to live in the city. Russian landlords often seem to prefer foreign tenants to locals, though this does not necessarily mean those resettling from abroad can expect a discount.
Types of accommodation in Moscow
Expats expecting only Stalinist relics or cookie-cutter communist apartments will be pleasantly surprised by the variety on offer. More or less every type of accommodation is present and accounted for, from high-priced villas and houses clustered in suburban gated compounds to modern, fully equipped, expansive apartments in the city centre.
While older buildings are certainly more plentiful than Western-style, highly secured complexes, they often house spacious and stylish renovated apartments that can be had for more of a bargain.
Furnished, unfurnished and semi-furnished accommodation is available in Moscow, and expats will find that for the right price, landlords are willing to add extras or tweak shortcomings. As such, prospective tenants shouldn't be afraid to negotiate.
Finding accommodation in Moscow
One of the most important points to keep in mind when searching for accommodation in Moscow is that most areas of the city have severe traffic issues. It follows that it’s best for expats to choose housing that is conveniently located near a metro line which can deliver to and from key destinations, like work or school, quickly and easily. However, living near a metro station often means living in a more polluted and congested area.
Most expats in Moscow live in the city centre, within the circular metro line. Expats should keep in mind that the closer one gets to the Moscow city centre, the more expensive rentals generally become. For those who prefer an area with more fresh air, new apartment buildings, gated communities and villas are springing up in the suburbs beyond Moscow’s outer beltway. This extra space and accessible greenery comes at an additional cost, and the commute into the city centre can be as much as 90 minutes each way.
Those who don't speak Russian generally use a real estate agent to help them find and secure accommodation. These service providers typically charge the equivalent of one month’s rent and provide assistance in finding accommodation options and negotiate a secure lease. They can also deal with landlords when there is a conflict.
Renting property in Moscow
Securing accommodation in Moscow is often off the book and many landlords demand monthly rental payments in cash to avoid paying taxes. Those lucky enough to secure an accommodation allowance through their company may not be able to pay cash – in which case they may find that landlords will charge more.
A standard security deposit of the equivalent of one month’s rent is generally requested, and the date of monthly rental payment can be negotiated.
Utilities in Moscow
For the most part, water and gas should be included in the rental cost, and electricity, internet, television and telecommunications are for the tenant's account. Be sure to broach this topic during lease negotiations.
Utilities are very cheap, as they are state-run. The downside of this is that expats will have very little control if living in a normal Russian apartment and not in one of the very luxurious Western-style apartments. Heating will come on and be switched off when the central heating centre decides it is cold/warm enough, and there is nothing one can do about it.
During summer, hot water is cut off for a week or more to allow general maintenance of the pipes – this happens in every area of Moscow, and one should look for notices up in the building or area informing when to expect the water cut. Some apartment buildings may have their own water heating systems to compensate for this, but many will not.