Transport and Driving in Belgium
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Due to its small geographic size and well-established transport network, expats will find that getting around in Belgium is relatively easy. The country has an extensive train network. Belgian cities all have bus networks, some have trams, and Brussels has an established metro system.
Public transport in Belgium
Belgium has a comprehensive and efficient rail network which offers the best way of getting around the country. Brussels and Antwerp have very good urban rail networks, while Brussels also has a metro system, which offers the best way to navigate the city.
High-speed trains are operated by Thalys and Eurostar and offer services between Brussels and other European cities, including Amsterdam, London and Paris.
Belgium has an established bus network for both inner- and inter-city travel. However, buses are not as popular as trains for getting around Belgium, except in the rural Ardennes region which has few rail lines.
Several Belgian cities have tram lines, including Brussels, Antwerp and Ghent. A coastal tram system offers travel along the whole Belgian coast. In Brussels the tram is integrated with the metro system, making it a convenient means of travel around the city.
Taxis and ride-sharing services in Belgium
Taxis are plentiful in Belgian towns and cities, with numerous private companies offering services. Taxis don't all look the same. However, they can usually be identified by the taxi sign on the vehicle’s roof. Metered taxis generally operate in different zones and offer variable rates. It’s best to negotiate the fare before setting off on a journey.
Ride-sharing services and applications are also available in most Belgian cities. However, these are often made unnecessary by the country's excellent public transport network.
Driving in Belgium
With such an extensive public transport network, most expats living in Belgium will find that it’s not necessary to own a car. However, those wishing to have their own vehicle will find that driving in Belgium is quite easy.
Roads in Belgium are generally well-maintained. Toll-free motorways connect all major towns and cities. One thing that expats may take a while to get used to is the road signage, which can be confusing at times. Road signs in Belgian cities are generally bilingual, but road signs in more rural areas are usually written in either French or Flemish. This can be confusing as place names can be spelt differently in French and Flemish and signage may suddenly change from one language to the other, depending on the region.
Drivers from non-EU countries need to have an international driving permit to drive in Belgium. Expats driving in Belgium should also be aware that priority should be given to traffic merging from the right. In cities, trams also always have right of way over any other vehicle.
Air travel in Belgium
Due to its small size, there are very few domestic flights between Belgian cities. The main airport in Belgium is Brussels Airport. Other major airports in Belgium include Ostend-Bruges International Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport, Liege Airport and Antwerp International Airport, which offer flights to other European airports and further abroad.