New Zealand is a remote mountainous island country, in the Pacific Ocean. It is populated by some of the most incredible landscapes, including spectacular glaciers, fiords, vast plains, subtropical forests, volcanic plateau, rolling hills and miles of gorgeous beaches.
Along with this awe-inspiring natural splendour, expats moving to New Zealand are able to enjoy a high quality of life, despite having lower income levels than countries such as the US or the UK.
Living in New Zealand as an expat
While the country lacks the economic might of larger countries it has a growing economy and a positive outlook. As a result, there are plenty of job opportunities for expats with initiative, energy and optimism. The New Zealand government welcomes prospective expats in a range of industries, provided that they have the skills and experience to benefit the local economy.
New Zealand’s transport infrastructure is well developed and easily used. Most cities have a public bus network, all major cities are linked by rail, and a regular ferry service connects the North and South Islands.
One downside to life in New Zealand is that seismic activity is a reality, and residents experience around 200 felt earthquakes a year. Thankfully, only two earthquakes in the last century have caused significant losses, and houses in New Zealand are better equipped to handle earthquakes. Local accommodation does, however, have a reputation for poor insulation and residents tend to dress warmly rather than warm their homes, which can take some adjusting to.
Cost of living in New Zealand
The cost of living in New Zealand is high, especially in cities such as Auckland, which is the commercial centre of the country and where majority of the population lives. Accommodation is expensive and, due to high import costs, so are groceries and general goods that are not locally produced. Despite this high cost of living however, people in New Zealand enjoy high living standards.
Expat families and children
Moving to New Zealand with family is especially popular with expats who want a fresh start and a better work-life balance. New arrivals are especially attracted by the good state-sponsored healthcare, low crime rates, a society that values children and the environment, and high-quality public education.
Climate in New Zealand
Known to its Maori inhabitants as Aotearoa, which means “Land of the Long White Cloud”, the country gets its share of cold and rainy weather. That said, expats will be relieved to know that the country usually does get more sunshine than most European countries.
Expats who commit to their new home and are suited to the laid-back, outdoorsy lifestyle it offers will find that New Zealand has the potential to be an ideal expat destination.
Population: About 4.9 million
Capital city: Wellington
Other major cities: Auckland, Christchurch and Hamilton
Neighbouring countries: While New Zealand has no direct neighbours, Australia is situated to the northwest, while Tonga and Fiji are two of the most prominent island countries to the north of New Zealand.
Geography: New Zealand is made up of two main islands (the North and South Islands) and a number of smaller islands. New Zealand's climate varies from cold and wet to subtropical in some areas. Much of the country's terrain is mountainous. The landscape is very dramatic and volcanoes can be found on the South Island.
Political system: New Zealand is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the British monarch is the head of state, as represented by the Governor-General. The head of government is the Prime Minister.
Major religions: Christianity
Main languages: English, Maori and New Zealand Sign Language
Money: The official currency is the New Zealand Dollar (NZD), which is divided into 100 cents. It is relatively easy for expats to open a bank account provided they have proof of address and identification. ATMs and internet banking are widely available.
Tipping: New Zealand tipping culture is based on merit and tipping is not expected. A 10 percent tip can be added in appreciation of excellent service.
Time: GMT+12 (GMT+13 from the last Sunday in September to the first Sunday in April)
Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz. 'Type I' three-pin flat-blade plugs are used.
Internet domain: .nz
International dialling code: +64
Emergency contacts: 111
Transport and driving: Cars in New Zealand drive on the left-hand side. Travel between the North and South Islands is usually by ferry. Bus services are the main mode of transport in most cities, while local rail services operate in Auckland and Wellington. Long-distance travel is done by trains, buses and domestic air flights.
► See Pros and Cons of Moving to New Zealand to learn more about life in the country.
"I’d recommend getting out there and being proactive in starting your new life. Go out, make friends, apply for lots of jobs. The city is full of potential but it is on you, and the effort you put in will determine what you get out." See more tips about life in New Zealand in Savannah's interview.
"One of my favourite things has been seeing how Kiwis prioritise their work/life balance. Anyone working a full-time job is guaranteed a minimum of four weeks annual leave and you’ll never be made to feel guilty for using it." Read more about Eve's experiences in New Zealand.
Are you an expat living in New Zealand?
Expat Arrivals is looking for locals to contribute to this guide, and answer forum questions from others planning their move to New Zealand. Please contact us if you'd like to contribute.
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